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Everyone who is playing Dilsiz Kaval, got the abelity methods of master- apprentice or tracking- listening with their instrument. Comprehensive training in all aspects of the kaval, it was the wish who wanted to learn kaval. Unfortunately, It was been late…In this subject, first serious method is being edited by master piper Sinan Celik…We are looking forward to seeing that book very soon.

www.dilsizkaval.com (Sinan Celik's web site)

In this page, Information about Dilsiz Kaval (known as the instrument of the shephards ) is prepared by Kemal Sahir Gurel. It's just for new learners. If you want to learn play a kaval, It's not enough only method. The best way to play kaval is to listen, to revise and to explore as much as you can. If you study with musicial note, learning process will be more effectively…


LEVEL 1     LEVEL 2     LEVEL 3     LEVEL 4

There are 4 elements of basic information about breathing for the kaval: Lip, Breath, Finger and Tongue...

*Holding the kaval in the right position on your lips is the first step to get right sound from kaval… It could be take long time to hear proper kaval's tone with adaptation of lips. The important thing is to hold the kaval in a right way when kaval is on your lips. So You can get remarkable vocal range spanned from full to half octaves when you are using your lips. Also you can play other range of kaval's tone (like horlatma). (Estimate of lips gap (big or small) is a sensitive issue. Don't try too much…) *The right way that using your breath, in other words to blow the kaval rationally is ensure that kaval produces the correct sounds when played. And You can play long song with short breath. When you blow quick or slow, combine with lips movement, It will provide you up and down octaves. If you blow very small area of kaval hardly, It will bring you sharp tone.

*With finder movement, You can play melody and also rhythmic sound of the melody, strike, vibration and agility (You can play small period of notes quickly) (When we are playing kaval, these 3 factor must be combine, promoter and developer. Master piper who can use and change these 3 factor at the same time like reflex action. They are a person who can do all these things perfectly…)

*With tongue movement, You can achieve all sorts of musicial notes and also can do some types of local-accented expression.

(P.S:In Anatolia instead of put the kaval on lips, they are putting the kaval upper tooth. So that It can be played “horlatma” tone's.

1. Straight Tone: This is the simple tone.
2. Pest tone: When you blow a tone straightly, this tone under the thick tone.
3. Horlatma: Known as dirty tone,can be named ‘ shephards tone'...In our country This style of playing can be played, especially Tokat, Bolu and some east of Turkey's cities.And also part of Balkans and Black Sea.
4. Harmonic tone: It can be heared straight and half octave at the same time.

ACHIEVING VIBRATION (It will be began further stages.):
1. With lips position: Usually This method can be played by Master of the reed flute. But It could be tryed with kaval…It can be played by slow lips movements.
2. With Finger Movement: The area of where fingers puts onto kaval's hole, especially movement of left and right forefinger's swings.
3. Swing's with kaval: When you hold the kaval with your two hands, this movement can be done by close to far from your lips slowly.
4. It's possible with support of breath: Movement is when you blow your breath to kaval's edge by one after another and speedily.

Close the kaval's holes with your all left fingers. It mustn't take air. (Left hand must be up. With your first finger, close the single hole at the back. And then close the holes each of fingers (index finger, middle finger, ring finger) from up to down in turn. Right hand's thumb doesn't close any hole; You just need it when you holds the kaval from back. From up to down holes, after the left hand's three fingers, close the other holes with your right hand's index finger, middle finger and ring finger. It must be with your middle joint, not edge. Lower hole is closed by little finger's edge.


If you want to see a larger version of the image, just click on the thumbnail.

Basically, Kaval's major sound is allowed with la musical notes. (La minor key or La major)... La is the musical notes that can be done by right hand's little finger when it's not on the kaval's hole.(It's means that only lower hole is open)…This isn't nature la notes(piyano's la). But It's size long or short; It's allowed that this is the la notes for all sort of kavals... And this position's name is Second Position…(We'll study about this subject regularly) First position is when the all holes closes with your fingers. This position is allowed la minor.

Now I'm going to number all kaval's hole from down to up in turn (1,2,3,4,5,6, etc.)
Between First hole and Second hole is as full sound as piano. (For example, like sol and la's gap.)
As from second gap, (2-3, 3-4, 4-5 etc.) notes gap's goes half tone…That is to say between second and third gap is la-si flat, between third and fourth gap is si flat-si, between fourth and fifth gap is si-do etc. goes like that… Accept as la notes was; It sounds la notes, when It's straight tone. If you blows little bit harder, You will be able to hear mi notes...If you blow shrill again, You'll finally get the high-pitched la...
So; From one notes, If you blow different hardness of breathing tecnigue, You will be able to hear three same notes...

DoReMi BemolMiFa
Fa DiyezSolLaSi BemolSi Bemol 2
Do DiyezOktav SolOktav Sol DiyezOktav LaOktav Si Bemol

If you want to see a larger version of the image, just click on the thumbnail.


Hold the kaval only with your right hand without touching any notes and when you're blowing the kaval long-running way, try to get sound...Make sure that kaval is the right position on your lips...
(If you want to achieve a sound from Dilsiz Kaval, You need few days. Maybe longer than you thought...Be patient with it…)

Hold the kaval only with your right hand without touching any notes and when you're blowing the kaval long-running way, try to play higher octave (Half Octave)...
(You have to try this exercise one or two days until you got into a habit.)

Hold the kaval only with your right hand without touching any notes and when you're blowing the kaval long-running way, try to play up and down octave in turn. (You have to try this exercise until sounds too clean and smooth....)

Now, Try to press only back hole and just one hole from top of the kaval. (Kaval's re note). Try to play two different octave in turn...(Don't play quick...) Play re notes until your breath goes on, and also blow octave ( high-pitched la notes) until your breath goes on long-running way...

Close the back hole and three holes from top of the kaval (Kaval's do note). Try to play two different octave in turn… It means that You have to close left hand's four fingers...Don't play quick again...
(Do note's high-pitched octave is sol )...

Try to close back hole, three holes from top of the kaval and right hand's index finger (Kaval's si note), Try to play two different octave in turn... (Si note's high-pitched octave is fa diyez)...

Try to close all holes except right hand's little finger (Kaval's la note), Try to play two different octave in turn... (La note's high-pitched octave is mi)...

To be continued…
Kemal Sahir Gürel